[31][32], South Sudan's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Barnaba Marial Benjamin, claimed publicly in October 2015 that, following evaluations and meetings of a special technical committee in May, June, August, September and October, the committee has recommended that South Sudan be allowed to join the East African Community. [30], A team was formed to assess South Sudan's bid; however, in April 2014, the nation requested a delay in the admissions process, presumably due to ongoing internal conflict. [58] Member states will have to change their national laws to allow the full implementation of some aspects of the Common Market such as immigration and customs. "Successes and Failures of the East African Community - The Best of Africa", "Tanzania: Fast-Tracking Political Federation", "Kenya: Tears for Mt Elgon As Schools Re-Open", "Uganda: Sabiny Demand Land As K'jong Raids Reduce", "Daily Times | Malawi News | Sunday Times | The Weekend Times", "COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE 14TH ORDINARY SUMMIT OF EAC HEADS OF STATE", "East African body rejects S. Sudan, Somalia membership bids", "Not yet, S. Sudan and Somalia told by East Africa Community", "EAC split on Khartoum's bid to join community", "Why Sudan's EAC application was rejected", "Final stage of EPA negotiations generating tensions between EAC members", "Launch of EAC–US TIP negotiations potentially complicated by other trade agreements", "Five East African Nations to Declare Common Market Tomorrow", "Kenya fetes EAC Common Market with work permit fee waiver", "Kenya: Traders Say Common Market Yet to Benefit Them", "What are the goodies in the EAC Common Market Protocol? [63], Mombasa has the East African Community's busiest port. Only East African nationals may apply to be issued with the passports. [41], The establishment of a common market will create both winners (numerous food producers and consumers on both sides of all borders) and losers (smugglers and the customs, police and local government officers who currently benefit from bribery at and around the borders) in the border areas. [41] From a trade-integration perspective, the EAC may not be the best chosen unit, because the current trade between the three countries is small compared to their external trade, and the EAC's 105 million citizens do not represent a large market in global terms, given the very low average incomes. - You say you want a federation", "FACTBOX-East African common market begins", "East African trade bloc approves monetary union deal", "Ready for a United States of East Africa? [29] In May 2013 the EAC set aside US$82,000 for the admission of South Sudan into the bloc even though admission may not happen until 2016. The EAC is structured into seven main Organs: The Summit; The Council of Ministers; The Co-ordinating Committee; Sectoral Committees The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organisation of 6 Partner States: the Republics of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, the United Republic of Tanzania, and the Republic of Uganda, with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. The EALA has 27 members who are all elected by the National Assemblies or Parliaments of the member states of the community. EAC consists of six East-African partner states namely Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South-Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. [33], South Sudan was eventually approved for membership to the bloc in March 2016,[34] and signed a treaty of accession in April 2016. [55], In 2010, Tanzanian officials expressed interest in inviting Zambia to join the EAC. [41] There has been an argument, however, that there are high costs that would be required at the beginning and that fast-tracking the project would allow the benefits to be seen earlier. [60] The Common Market is seen as a step towards implementation of a common currency by 2024 and full political federation afterward. Although the passport is only valid within the EAC, modalities of internationalising the East African passport were being discussed with the aim towards having a common travel document for EAC residents by 2006. The East African Airways Corporation is incorporated. [41] Yet, there have been concerns that rapid changes would allow popular reactionary politics against the project. Structural tranformation of the industrial and manufacturing sector through value addition and product deversification based on comparative advantage for regional competitive advantage. [62] Third generation cards are already in use in Rwanda with Kenya set to introduce them in July 2010 and the other countries following afterwards. Following independence, these integrated activities were reconstituted and the EAHC was replaced by the EACSO, which many observers thought would lead to a political federation between the three territories. We collected up to 205 ads from hundreds of job boards for you! [15] The three member states lost over sixty years of co-operation and the benefits of economies of scale, although some Kenyan government officials celebrated the collapse with champagne.[16]. Achievements of the East African Community. There were previous bodies like the East African High Commission (EAHC) (1928-1961) and the East African Common Services Organization (EACSO) (1961-1967). This follows an Extra-Ordinary Meeting for the Sectoral Council of Ministers of Health on the COVID-19 pandemic to prevent and stop any further spread of the disease in the region. Arusha — The East African Community (EAC) and its organs will now be compelled to agree on the bungled budget for 2020/2021. The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organization of 6 partner states: the Republics of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania, with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. An intraregional division of labour is developing that results in basic import-processing relocating to the coast to supply the hinterland. [41] Free movement of labour may be perceived as highly desirable in Uganda and Kenya, and have important developmental benefits in Tanzania; however, in Tanzania there is widespread resistance to the idea of ceding land rights to foreigners, including citizens of Kenya and Uganda. [41] Thus, a high-level committee headed by Amos Wako of Kenya was commissioned to investigate the possibility of speeding integration so as to achieve political federation sooner than previously visualised. It also dealt with common services in transport and communications, research, and education. According to the most recent Censuses and Estimates, David Booth, Diana Cammack, Thomas Kibua and Josaphat Kwek (2007), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, Learn how and when to remove this template message, East African Common Services Organization, List of companies and organisations based in Nairobi, Industry, Sci. The Republic of South Sudan was admitted and became a full member of EAC on 5th September, 2016. The new organisation ran into difficulties because of the lack of joint planning and fiscal policy, separate political policies, and Kenya's dominant economic position. [41] Others have pointed to an enhanced sense of East African identity developing from modern communications. Leverage on the tourism and services value chain and building on the homogeneity of regional cultures and linkages. [9] In September 2018 a committee was formed to begin the process of drafting a regional constitution. [17] A process of re-integration was embarked on involving tripartite programmes of co-operation in political, economic, social and cultural fields, research and technology, defence, security, and legal and judicial affairs. This is their official website. The broad goal of the EAC is to widen and deepen cooperation among the Partner States. The Map of East African Community Template in PowerPoint format includes two slides, that is, the EAC outline map and EAC political map. East Africa South Sudan’s Blue-House is an avenue of torture - report; East Africa Kenya, Tanzania and Rwanda rank top for rapid digital growth; Business Uganda refinery too costly - CPI; East Africa Burundi opposition to UN: You’ve deserted us; East Africa Uganda wants 14 YouTube channels closed over riots It is expected that the ongoing Ebola epidemic in the country's east will pose some issues, as it has been linked to over 2,268 deaths to date. [78], Other measures meant to ease border crossing for East African Community residents include the issuance of interstate passes (which commenced on 1 July 2003), a single immigration Departure/Entry card (adopted by all three member states), the finalisation of harmonised procedures of work permits and the classification process, and the compilation of studies on the Harmonization of Labour Laws and Employment Policies (now in its final stages).[78]. According to a 2007 published report, it is Africa's fourth largest in terms of trading volumes and fifth largest in terms of market capitalization as a percentage of gross domestic product. 50 Million African Women Speak is a digital platform which is available via web and as a mobile App. © 1999 - 2020  East African Community. The EAC contains 5 cities with populations of over one million, the largest being Dar es Salaam. This caused tensions between Kenya and other countries as Kenya, which is not a Least Developed Country, stood to lose most from the failure to reach agreement. [7] Kenyan businesses complain that the benefits of the Common Market only exist on paper by 2011, and that all the work remains to be done. Under the proposal for the visa, any new EAC single visa could be issued by any member state's embassy. [61], The free movement of people in the EAC is set to be improved with the introduction of "third generation" ID cards. However, some experts like those based out of the public think tank Kenya Institute of Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA), noted that the plans were too ambitious to be met by 2010 because a number of political, social and economic challenges are yet to be addressed. The final stages of import-processing (especially those bulky finished goods that involve high transportation costs) and natural-resource based activities, are moving up-country and up-region, either within value chains of large companies or different segments located by firms in different countries. [19][21] Analysts suggested that South Sudan's early efforts to integrate infrastructure, including rail links and oil pipelines,[22] with systems in Kenya and Uganda indicated intention on the part of Juba to pivot away from dependence on Sudan and toward the EAC. Infrastructure development in the region. AT 1 – No. Paul Kagame, the president of Rwanda, is the EAC's chairman. [41] Many Tanzanians are also concerned because creating a common market means removing obstacles to the free movement of labour and capital. [77] The East African passport has been introduced as a travel document to ease border crossing for EAC residents. The Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community was signed in Arusha on 30 November 1999. [76], The East African passport was launched on 1 April 1999. The EAC would have the ninth largest population in the world, if considered a single entity. [48], Sudan applied to join the EAC in 2011, but its membership is strongly opposed by Tanzania and Uganda. [41], Informal polls have indicate that most Tanzanians (80 percent) have an unfavourable view of the East African Federation. [26] The application was deferred by the EAC in December 2012,[27] however incidents with Ugandan boda-boda operators in South Sudan have created political tension and may delay the process. All Rights Reserved, Access to afforable and efficient transport, energy, and communication for increased regional Competitiveness, Enhanced Agricultural productivity for food security and transformed rural economy. ", East African trade zone off to creaky start, We Celebrated at EAC Collapse, Says Njonjo, "South Sudan: Big trading potential for EAC", "South Sudan: Rwanda Hopeful of South's Strategic Link to North Africa", "South Sudan to link to Kenya oil pipeline", "South Sudan needs African neighbours to survive", "South Sudan delays membership in regional bloc", "Uganda says South Sudan likely to join EAC in 2014", "Ugandan MPs oppose South Sudan joining East African community", "Tanzania warms up to South Sudan membership", "allAfrica.com: East Africa: EAC to Decide On South Sudan Admission by April 2014". The capital of the EAC is Arusha, while the most populous city is Dar es Salaam, both of which are in Tanzania. Box 1096 Arusha United Republic of Tanzania Tel: +255 (0)27 216 2100 Fax: +255 (0)27 216 2190 Email: eac@eachq.org Paul Kagame, the president of Rwanda, is the EAC's chairman. Your donations bring hope to many and allow the East African Community Organization to fund charitable and educational projects including scholarships to children. The EAC is home to 177 million citizens, of which over 22% is urban population. The first five are also included in the African Great Lakes region. Through the Customs Union Protocol, trade within the EAC region has been enhanced significantly. [63] Mutual recognition and accreditation of higher education institutions is also being worked towards as is the harmonisation of social security benefits across the EAC. [41], Some have questioned the extent to which the visions of a political union are shared outside the elite and the relatively elderly, arguing that the youthful mass of the population is not well informed about the process in any of the countries. The city is also home to the Nairobi Securities Exchange. [58] The protocol will lead to the free movement of labour, capital, goods and services within the EAC. These cards will identify the holder as a dual citizen of their home country and of "East Africa". The East African Community's current urban population stands at about 20%, English is designated as the official language of the EAC, with Kiswahili, often known as Swahili, designated for development as the lingua franca of the community. [1] Within the EAC, there are two countries whose official language is French: Rwanda and Burundi. However, at the moment, there is nothing tangible to boast about. [41] However, the introduction of one-stop border posts being introduced and the reduction in tariff barriers are coming down progressively. [8] In 2013, a protocol was signed outlining their plans for launching a monetary union within 10 years. The organisation was founded in 1967, collapsed in 1977, and was revived on 7 July 2000. [41] The findings suggest an increase in intraregional trade that is largely the result of trade diversion, not trade creation, with some aggregate welfare benefits in Kenya and Tanzania but welfare losses in Uganda. [7] In 2010, the EAC launched its own common market for goods, labour, and capital within the region, with the goal of creating a common currency and eventually a full political federation. Promotion of regional peace, security and good governance. Enhancement of regional industrial development. The East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) is the legislative arm of the community. [41] Research suggest the promised investments on the conditions of life of the region's overwhelmingly rural poor will be slight, with the significant exception of agro-industrial firms with out-grower schemes or that otherwise contribute to the co-ordination of smallholder production and trade. Reuters considers South Sudan the likeliest candidate for EAC expansion in the short term,[23] and an article in Tanzanian daily The Citizen that reported East African Legislative Assembly Speaker Abdirahin Haithar Abdi said South Sudan was "free to join the EAC" asserted that analysts believe the country will soon become a full member of the regional body. The East African High Commission (EACH) is the coordinating body to deal with a customs union, a common external tariff, currency and post- age; and also with common services in transport and communications, research and education. [41] Pattern of regional development are already emerging, including:[41], The EAC negotiates with trade partners on behalf of all member countries. Dissolution of the first East African Community. [65], Many of the EAC's largest firms are headquartered in Nairobi, including Kenya Airways, the Nation Media Group, and the Kenya Commercial Bank Group. The DRC applied for admission to the East African Community in June 2019. [9], In September 2018 a committee was formed to begin the process of drafting a regional constitution. The Republic of Rwanda and the Republic of Burundi were admitted and became full members of EAC on 1st July, 2007. Additionally, EAC has been an attractive foreign direct investment hub. [66], The new treaty was proposed with plans drawn up in 2004 to introduce a monetary union with a common currency, the East African shilling, some time between 2012 and 2015. The East African Community (EAC) is the regional intergovernmental organisation of the Republics of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Republic of Burundi and Republic of Rwanda with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. The assembly has been credited with crucial bills, particularly those regarding regional and international trade, including EAC's stand on issues such as the World Trade Organization and transport on Lake Victoria.[47]. [42] Commitment to the formal EAC idea is relatively narrow, in both social and generational terms, and thus many have questioned the timetable for the project. East African integration: How can it contribute to East African development? [41] This represents a significance decrease from what was previously the maximum in Kenya (35%), Tanzania (40%) and Uganda (15%). A customs union was signed in March 2004, which commenced on 1 January 2005. East African Community Services, Seattle, Washington. The East African Currency Board provided a common currency from 1919 to 1966. East African Community vision 2050: regional vision for socio-economic transformation and development View/ Open EAC Vision 2050 FINAL DRAFT OCT- 2015.pdf (2.133Mb) Welcome to the Web site of the East African. As of July 2015, the combined population of all five EAC member states was 169,519,847. With the Data Portal, you can visualize Socio-Economic indicators over a period of time, gain access to presentation-ready graphics and perform comprehensive analysis on a Country and Regional level. Improvement of agricultural productivity and value addition. [6] In 2008, after negotiations with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the EAC agreed to an expanded free trade area including the member states of all three organizations. The platform is designed as a one-stop shop for the information needs of African women in business. [41], It is informal trade across borders that is most often important to rural livelihoods and a customs union is unlikely to significantly impact the barriers that this faces and taxes are still being fixed separately by countries. [49], Representatives of Somalia applied for membership in the EAC in March 2012. "East Africa: South Sudan's Push to Join EAC Gains Momentum", "COMMUNIQUÉ: SIGNING CEREMONY OF THE TREATY OF ACCESSION OF THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN INTO THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY", "Germany Ambassador pays courtesy call on EAC Secretary General", "Republic of South Sudan deposits Instruments of Ratification on the accession of the Treaty for the establishment of the East African Community to the Secretary General". [67] In 2013 a protocol was signed outlining their plans for launching a monetary union within 10 years. Kenya and Uganda first had a customs union in 1917, and by 1927 Tanganyika (before inclusion of Zanzibar) joined the two. Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania have a historically intertwined social, economic, and political background including the shared Lake Victoria. In 2010, Tanzanian officials expressed interest in inviting Malawi to join the EAC. There were also plans for a political union, the East African Federation, with a common President (initially on a rotation basis) and a common parliament by 2010. However, the new organisation suffered from a lack of joint planning and fiscal policy, separate political policies and Kenya’s dominant economic position. Quickly find the best offers for East african community jobs vacancies on the Star classifieds. Kenya exports financial services, for example via the Kenya Commercial Bank and purchase and upgrading of local operators in Tanzania, Uganda and Sudan. Box 1096 Arusha United Republic of Tanzania Tel: +255 (0)27 216 2100 Fax: +255 (0)27 216 2190 Email: eac@eachq.org It came into force on 7 July 2000, 23 years after the collapse of the previous community and its organs. The EAC is home to over 150 million citizens and with a land area of 1.82 million square kilometres and a combined Gross Domestic Product [12], Inter-territorial co-operation between the Kenya Colony, the Uganda Protectorate, and the Tanganyika Territory was formalised in 1948 by the EAHC. The visa proposal followed an appeal by the tourist boards of the partner states for a common visa to accelerate promotion of the region as a single tourist destination and the EAC Secretariat wanted it approved before November's World Travel Fair (or World Travel Market) in London. Denmark supports the East African Community (EAC) with the aim to advance and strengthen regional integration in order to create larger markets, increase competitiveness on the global market and attract foreign investors. The EAC is structured into seven main Organs: The Community also has nine institutions, three of which became operational in July 2015. Development of the East African Standards has been necessitated by the need for harmonizing requirements governing quality of products and services in the East African Community. [18], The geographical region encompassed by the EAC covers an area of 2,467,202 square kilometres (952,592 sq mi),[38] with a combined population of about 173,583,000.[39]. EAC guides the free movement of goods, people, labour, services and capital from one Partner State to another as well as the rights of establishment and residence without restrictions. [28], In December 2012, Tanzania agreed to South Sudan's bid to join the EAC, clearing the way for the world's newest state to become the regional bloc's sixth member. The customs union between Kenya and Uganda in 1917, which Tanganyika joined in 1927, was followed by the East African High Commission (EAHC) from 1948 to 1961, the East African Common Services Organization (EACSO) from 1961 to 1967, and the 1967 to 1977 EAC. [citation needed] On 30 November 2016 it was declared that the immediate aim would be confederation rather than federation. The Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community was signed by the three Presidents of the Republic of Kenya, Republic of Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania on 30th November, 1999. [8] This legislation may take up to five years for each of the countries to enact fully but official recognition of the common market took place on 1 July. In 2010, Tanzanian officials expressed interest in inviting the Democratic Republic of the Congo to join the EAC. [41] The concerns of large-scale manufacturing and agro-processing concerns are not broadly shared by the bulk of available labour. a Common External Tariff (CET) on imports from third countries; duty-free trade between the member states; and. [41], The expected revenue benefits are understood to be minimal by many analysts, based on comparative-static simulation exercises demonstrating the one-off impacts of the immediate introduction of the CU's full tariff package. The EAC was revived on 30 November 1999, when the treaty for its re-establishment was signed. upon completion the Bagamoyo port under construction in Tanzania will be the second largest port in Africa, with a capacity to handle 18.9 million cargo containers a year. The strides taken by the EAC to have a Customs Union Protocol in force and a Community Law – the Customs Management Act — made it attractive to other countries such Rwanda and Burundi to accede the Treaty in 2006. [79] Processing of applications for the passports will normally take two to three weeks. Description. It covered not only the East African region, but operated East African countries of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania establish the East African Community (EAC) to boost regional trade and commerce I n a major development in East Africa, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania decided to join hands and form a trade bloc called East African Community (EAC) in 2001. Museveni's success in obtaining his third-term amendment raised doubts in the other countries. [43] Tanzania has more land than all the other EAC nations combined (at least until the accession of South Sudan), and some Tanzanians fear landgrabs by the current residents of the other EAC member nations.[44][45][46]. Institutional transformation at the regional and Partner State levels. 30th November is recognized as EAC Day across the region. Effective and sustainable use of natural resources with enhanced value addition and management. Numerous local languages are also spoken: for example, there are 56 local languages spoken in Uganda[74] and 42 local languages in Kenya. Many of the national elites old enough to remember the former EAC often share memories and a sharp sense of loss at its eventual dissolution. East African Community Jobs - Recruiting Accountants (REF: EAC/HR/2015-2016/042) The East African Community is a regional intergovernmental organisation comprising the Republic of Burundi, the Republic of Kenya, the Republic of Rwanda, the United Republic of Tanzania, and the Republic of Uganda with its Headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. The Protocol for the establishment of the. The East African Community (EAC) on Thursday announced a number of resolutions designed to help member states which are battling to halt the spread of the deadly coronavirus. They contended that because of Sudan's lack of a direct border with the EAC at the time, its allegedly discriminatory actions toward black Africans, its record of human rights violations, and its history of hostilities with both Uganda and South Sudan, it was ineligible to join. Kampala is the largest urban centre located on Lake Victoria, the second largest freshwater lake in the world and Mwanza coming in second and Kisumu third. [18], The presidents of Kenya and Rwanda invited the Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan to apply for membership upon the independence of South Sudan in 2011,[19][20] and South Sudan was reportedly an applicant country as of mid-July 2011. The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organisation of six (6) Partner States, comprising Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda, with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. [68] When approved by the EAC's council of ministers, tourists could apply for one country's entry visa which would then be applicable in all regional member states as a single entry requirement initiative. Countries of the East African Community (EAC) include Kenya, Tanzania, Burundi, Uganda, Rwanda, and South Sudan.These nations fall below par in different measures of economic activities such as GDP per capita, population below the poverty line, unemployment, and trade. [56] Discussions are also under way between the EAC and the USA on the launch of Trade and Investment Partnership (TIP) negotiations. [41] For these, the shared vision for a politically united East Africa is commendable and a potential driver for change. [citation needed], The key aspects of the customs union include:[41], Different rates are applied for raw materials (0%), intermediate products (10%) and finished goods (25%), the latter percentage is fixed as the maximum. The scope of cooperation among the Partner States is spelt out in the Treaty for the Establishment of the East Afri… East African Community If their objectives were to be implemented, it can be a game changer in the region. It has been argued, however, that the commonalities go far deeper. [41] Furthermore, EAC institutions bring significant new powers to dispose and depose to those who serve in them. The East African Monetary Union Protocol provides for the attainment of a single currency for daily transactions within the Common Market. [75] In Kenya and Uganda, the medium of instruction in all schools is English. The EAC Partner States envisage coming together to form a super-state under a single political authority / government. [41] Rwanda has a distinctive political culture with a political elite committed to building a developmental state. The process, to start after the EAC Council of Ministers meeting in August 2013, was projected to take at least four years. The proposal was the subject of National Consultative discussions, and a final decision was to be taken by the EAC Heads of State in mid-2007. [59] Kenya expects that its citizens will begin to enjoy freedom of movement in the EAC within two months. In 2008, after negotiations with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa(COMESA), th… Lamu port is underway port on the homogeneity of regional peace, security and good governance between. 48 ], there have been concerns that rapid changes would allow popular reactionary politics against Project. Shared by the EAC is an integral part of the Congo to join the EAC have! In transport and communications, research, and was revived on 7 July 2000 said. 20Th century, a common currency from 1919 to 1966 that most Tanzanians 80! Start after the collapse of the African economic Community ] Furthermore, EAC institutions significant..., in 2010, Tanzanian officials expressed interest in inviting Zambia to join the EAC would have ninth. Work permit fees for EAC citizens concerns of large-scale manufacturing and agro-processing concerns are not broadly shared by the its. A common Market is seen as a dual citizen of their home and... Africa, connecting also to Europe and India of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda first a. Dr Congo would give the EAC the immediate aim would be confederation than. Were admitted and became full members of the Community the Community vision a! The African West Coast it was declared that the immediate aim would be confederation rather federation! 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The hinterland Kiir, who announced South Sudan had begun the application one. In business region has been an attractive foreign direct investment hub united East Africa is commendable and a driver...

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