Until recently. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, The fluoride levels were measured by the standard method for measuring fluoride level in water as recommended by the Environmental Protection Agency (Washington, DC), using an ion-selective electrode (Expandable Ion Analyzer EA920; Orion Research Incorporated, Cambridge, Mass). 2 Japan showed the greatest improvement. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Fluoride is neurotoxic at low levels says top US Government Science Program’s Review October 15, 2020 A sad day for Waverley as toxic waste is added to its water supply "noPingback": true, }, Cambridge Water Department intends to keep an open-minded view on any matters of technical competency, and we will pay close attention to competing viewpoints. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. Our approach is reinforced by the views of other organizations with strong public health and medical credentials that also support fluoridation including: http://www.cambridgepublichealth.org/news/article.php?id=166, World Health Organization (WHO) Fluoride in Drinking Water, http://www.ada.org/en/public-programs/advocating-for-the-public/fluoride-and-fluoridation. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, In addition, approximately 40% of Canadians receive fluoride in their community water supply. var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Cambridge Water supplies contain natural fluoride at concentrations well below the regulatory value of 1.0mg/l. {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, Learn more. expires: 365 storage: { 'increment': 0.01, ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, in the tricity area of Kitchener-Waterloo-Cambridge in Ontario, the rate of caries in children is 44% in Kitchener (0.1 parts per million [ppm] naturally occurring fluoride), 33% in Cambridge (0.3 ppm naturally occurring fluoride) and 32% in Waterloo (where water has been fluoridated since 1967).7 Even though Kitchener and Cambridge have bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; Bacteria, nitrates, and fluoride can exist in well water at some level. Maybe thats why we are the largest Private Dental Practice in Cambridge, caring for 25,000 patients every year. It is added to public water supplies at a rate of one part per million (ppm). const customGranularity = { 'cap': true { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, The summary of CDC’s views is included in the document: Achievements in Public Health, 1900 to 1999: Fluoridation to Prevent Dental Cavities. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, 'min': 31, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, name: "pbjs-unifiedid", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, pbjsCfg = { { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Example from the Hansard archive. The Cambridge Water Department decreased the target fluoride concentration in the city’s drinking water from 1 milligram of fluoride per liter of water to the recommended 0.7 milligrams of fluoride per liter of water on Sept. 16. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, } { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, Looking after the water in your home. googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. "login": { Testing for bacteria is free and is funded by Public Health Ontario. dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, Following experiments determined the pressures directly by polyvinylide, The new monofluorophosphate preparations and the slow-release sodium, Other uncontrolled external variables, such as nutrition, fluoridated water consumption, tooth-brushing, flossing and, The most plausible method is the use of monofluorophosphate or a slow-release sodium, E-beam-induced absorption of laser radiation in calcium. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, params: { priceGranularity: customGranularity, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, New Mouth information on oral health and dentistry: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sets fluoride standards to guard drinking water safety. pbjs.que.push(function() { // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var googletag = googletag || {}; { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, var mapping_rightslot2 = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); Fluoride is a mineral that exist naturally in soil, water and various foods. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Find out more about Fluoride levels in our water supply. Adding fluoride to Cambridge drinking water to protect children’s teeth was a tough sell more than 50 years ago, with three citywide votes going back and forth on the issue. iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "entry"); {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, 'max': 3, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, NOTICE: The Cambridge Water Department will be open to members of the public, by appointment only, Tuesday and Thursday from 9:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m., for various services.Details about Residential Water Testing, Water Construction Permits, Hydrant Use Permits, Backflow Permits and Water Meter Replacement are available on our website. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, 1980 1985 1990 year 1995 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 DMFT key Japan Australia USA Belgium The following statements were made. March 10, 2015 — Controversy over fluoride levels in drinking water in Massachusetts has made headlines in recent months as Cambridge, Gloucester, Newburyport, and other towns in Massachusetts relook at the decades-old practice of adding fluoride to public drinking water to reduce dental caries (cavities). { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; One theory is that the fluoride added to water is an industrial byproduct that seeped/dumped into the drinking supply, and standards and practices were changed to accommodate that. Fluoride occurs naturally in water. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = entry-lcp"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, expires: 60 { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, Cambridge Water Department maintains a target fluoride level of 0.7 ppm, as recommended by the CDC, MDPH, ADA, and WHO, and continuously monitors the levels. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, initAdSlotRefresher(); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, name: "unifiedId", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, 'cap': true Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. if(!isPlusPopupShown()) { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, Advice on how to look after the water in your home from WRAS and Water UK (PDF download) Hard water in your home. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, For questions or concerns related to lead in drinking water, you can email leadtesting@cambridge.ca { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, Fluoride is a naturally occurring mineral found in water in varying amounts, depending on where in the UK you live. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english&v2=fluoride&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, Find out more about sending content to Google Drive. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, All people ingest the mineral to some extent on a daily basis. 'increment': 0.05, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, var pbMobileLrSlots = [ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, } The Fluoridation of the water supply has been a matter of fierce controversy ever since it … { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, } { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, Fluoride. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); "authorizationTimeout": 10000 ga('set', 'dimension2', "entryex"); Studies show that when fluoride is added to water at recommended levels in Ontario and across the country, it is not linked to any adverse health effects. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, 'increment': 1, We do not operate any enhanced fluoridation schemes. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = fluoride"); The level of naturally-occurring fluoride in the city’s water sources is extremely low. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { 'max': 36, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english"); "loggedIn": false { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, dfpSlots['rightslot2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot2', [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_rightslot2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot2).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, },{ Cambridge Dictionary +Plus Contains Parliamentary information licensed under the. 'increment': 0.5, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, partner: "uarus31" It's useful for babies and children who have growing teeth and helps reduce tooth decay and cavities. "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" Unsafe levels of bacteria, nitrates and fluoride can make your water unsafe to drink. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, You should test your well water for fluoride once a year. }, However if you want to reduce the amount of scale or furring, find out the steps you can take { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, googletag.enableServices(); type: "cookie", googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, 2. The Cambridge Water Department maintains a target fluoride level of 0.7 milligrams per Liter (mg/L) or parts per million (ppm) in the drinking water as recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and several other prominent organizations. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); After successful trials, programs for water fluoridation were introduced, and industry developed effective fluoride-containing toothpastes and other fluoride vehicles. } { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); to give something to someone without asking for payment, I don’t know him from Adam: phrases containing names, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); ... 150 Main Street, Cambridge. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, And children who have growing teeth and helps reduce tooth decay and cavities of Cambridge Dictionary your! 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