Depending on the prevailing circumstances, a company has to change its plans to accomplish some of its goals. London: Sir Issac Pitman & Sons, Ltd. Samson, D. & Daft, R. (2009). Mr. I cannot express all my emotions about this. Determining the Work Activities Necessary to Accomplish Objectives 3. Organizing events such as large meetings and conferences. They have to plan for and know their competition and their recruitment needs. It is the mechanism with which the management directs, controls and coordinates the various functions of the enterprise. The steps in planning are as shown below; The sixth and final step is the follow-up and control. This means that planning should be systematic to follow a series of sequential activities that will eventually lead to the implementation of organizational plans. Effective Administration 6. The aim of this study is to examine the main reasons why planning and organizing are such important management functions in an organization and especially using Wal-Mart as an example, in managing a diverse workforce. Advancements in technology have been very helpful in implementation of this aspect because it has enhanced speedy execution of information processes and communication within the structure of the organization. This is the concept of organizing as it strikes to give autonomy to employees. On the contrary, an organization which does not stress on formalization has non structured job description and less rules and regulations. Management principles are general rather than specific to a type of organization. If well planned, the work force will proceed to achieve the company’s set goals and objectives. This approach is more common among startups, and … Decentralization – decisions have always to be pushed down to the lowest feasible level in the organization. As you can see by studying the sample organizational chart below, these types of charts are the ideal way to illustrate the inner structure and hierarchy of a business or any other type of organization. They have substituted board room meetings with team huddles thereby making them understand their customers and what they require. There are however, factors that affect organizing decisions. Management should generate alternate scenarios of the future; opportunities should be defined based on these possible scenarios, its strengths and weaknesses assessed in hiring and recruiting of employees. Organizational Structure . It would possibly lead to low morale and dissatisfaction. Organizational Structure of Management. We will write a custom Essay on Organizing in Management specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. All rights reserved. This topis is in regard to the management function of organizing resources. Examples of scientific management for organizing production include the assembly line at Henry Ford's automobile plants and using production schedules and records systems at Pullman and Remington Typewriter companies. However, organising as a process of management essentially relates to sub-dividing and grouping of activities. The following are common types of management planning. The company has to consider a variety of common job locations and placement centres. I became more confident as I received the highest grades! Self-organization is a common process in the universe. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must. © 2020 EssaysWriters.com. This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. Organize to have employees’ decisions to stay with an organization as their direct pay and benefit levels. To ensure for effective recruitment techniques, the company; For Wal-Mart, the company has to also plan on how to adapt to several innovative changes that occur almost on a daily basis and how best to retain and be ahead of the pack. Common examples of processes include new product development, order fulfillment, and customer service; less obvious but equally legitimate candidates are resource allocation and decision making. Delegation is distributed through authority and delegation frees management from urgent tyranny. It is charged with the responsibility of managing resources in the society and to make sure that these resources are productive and accounted for which forms the basis for organizations in the modern times. Principle of unity- this is to ensure that no one in the same organization reports to more than one supervisor. There are four functions of management that span across all industries. Adaptation to Changes 5. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. All the four basic functions of management must be sound for the organization to succeed. Formalization is another aspect of organizing. This is a critical step and must    be strictly followed. Centralization is a key element in organizing. The following are examples of management strategies. Therefore, the company’s diversity program must be planned to include elements of diversity through recruitment, elements that maintain diversity, reward and recognition and a supportive working environment. This note concerns writer 9901 Writer 9901 just produced one of the best term papers I have ever turned in. (Bateman & Snell, 2009). Organizing does this by creating and maintaining the activities in an accepted (manner) pattern, by inte… ... A definition of requirements management with examples. This essay site is my hero! Controlling is one of the most basic functions of management, like planning, organizing, staffing, etc. planning, organizing, actuating and controlling”. Australia: Cengage. The OBRA e-z management team consists of the President and CEO, the CFO, and four directors: Ken Smitzhe, President and Chief Executive Officer . Depending on the complexity and proximity of the job, a large span of control is feasible. For strategic planning, the management has to analyse inside and outside factors that may not only affect the company goals and objectives but the company as a whole. The study will also determine why and how Wal-Mart is successful in using the said management functions. Optimum Utilization of Resources 4. This approach involves creating departments along specific productions lines. example : handicraft , ivory work , etc. ... Organization: Text, Cases, and Readings on the Management of Organization Design and Change (Homewood, Illinois: Irwin, 1992), pp. Expansion and Growth. September 15, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/organizing-in-management/. The few scholarly efforts to tackle processes as a collective phenomenon either have been tightly focused theoretical or methodological statements or have focused primarily on a single type of process theory. In the past, jobs were assigned with strict adherence to specialization of labor which was based on the assumption that the narrower the job description the better the performance. I'd love to hear how others in the open source world would answer these questions, so leave some comments and tell us what you think! Advancements in technology have been very helpful in implementation of this aspect because it has enhanced speedy execution of information processes and communication within the structure of the organization. Wal-Mart ensures that there is effective planning so as to attract strong candidates who are prepared to meet both the company’s strategic goals and priorities. These include; Management is an essential tool for any organization to succeed especially to cater for a diverse workforce. Ensures that recruiters and selection officials will work closely with HRM and special staff during recruitment to facilitate a smooth and easy recruitment. IvyPanda. According to Henry Fayol, “To manage is to forecast and plan, to organize, to command, & to control”. Tall organizations are centralized; flat ones are decentralized. Examples of departments in a corporate office may be: production, marketing, finance, human resource, research and development and more. Designing a Hierarchy of Relationships. Management in some form or another is an integral part of living and is essential wherever human efforts are to be undertaken to achieve desired objectives. For example, a superior employee can control employees of lower rank and not vice versa. Specialization is extensive, for example running a particular machine in a factory assembly line. Planning. September 15, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/organizing-in-management/. Through delegation, the manager is freed of their time and concentrate on high priority activities within the organization. Organising becomes necessary when two or more persons work together to achieve some common objectives. Wal-Mart utilizes the functions of management which have a potential of not only increasing profits but also ensuring that everything is done in a planned and organized way especially in managing a diverse workforce. Planning takes into consideration prospective human and physical resources the organization has to effectively co-ordinate, contribute and adjust accordingly. 15 September. The decision to be made in regard to the span control is the number of subordinates that a manager can effectively lead and manage. A strategic plan is a high-level overview of the entire business, its vision, objectives, and value. The basic ingredients of management are always at play, whether we manage our lives or business. Staff authority advises line authority. In this way, Wal-Mart commits to cultivating broader rewards which are far better positioned to retain the diverse workforce and build on it. Development of Personnel 7. No planning can succeed unless a framework of activities (necessary for the accomplishment of objectives) is constructed. This strategy of having few subjects is effective, but very costly for an organization. "Organizing in Management." Such tasks may also include assembling, machining, shipping, storing, inspecting, selling, advertising etc. Facilitating decision making and coordination, The first stage in planning is that act of developing organizational skills. When there is high competition, an organization would be forced to formulate strategies that can sustain it in the market, hence affecting organizing decisions. As stated earlier, these resources include permanent assets, financial assets, manpower and technology. There are critical steps used in determining skill gaps and needs and devising succession plans and strategies that are used in business planning. This division of work is helping in bringing specialization in various activities of concern. An overview of electric colors with a palette. If you continue, Just like organizing, controlling requires plans to be drawn because they form the basis for performance standards. Organizing as a management function involves arranging your employees, finances and technology in such a way that your business can meet its objectives. In this discussion we have discussed two of these management tools (planning and organizing) that managers have to use and take into consideration that will help the organization move forward and thus guarantee its success. Technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA. The composition of several experts in health care setting reveals its ability to provide a range of services and interventions that are needed by people. Robbins, etal. Planning is the foundation of management, upon which all areas of management are based and built. Classifying authority and power within the organization. Strategic Plan. Ken Smitzhe has been working with Information technology tools in … For example, in a centralized structure, decisions flow from the top down, while in a decentralized structure, decision-making power is distributed among various levels of the organization. Cookies Policy, This essay on Organizing in Management was written and submitted by your fellow student. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/organizing-in-management/. The database is updated daily, so anyone can easily find a relevant essay example. This is to ensure that good candidates are not lost to competitors and thus be able to make quick job offers immediately they are due. 41. Your privacy is extremely important to us. Samson & Daft (2009) argue that “Among the common responsibilities of managers include setting goals, drawing plans, organizing events, education and training and instituting controls.”. A manager has the organizational responsibilities that include the ability to identify different roles, choose the right roles for the employees, delegate the tasks to the employees and ensure that the employees have the resources to perform their tasks better. Organizations are important units that engage in several activities to benefit members of the society in different ways. Span of control- these are the total number of people a manager controls and supervises. Fundamentals of Management. Acting as a source of support and security satisfaction (Wijesinge, A.). For instance, here’s an example of how you might apply an agile approach to your project plan by organizing your tasks into sprints. Examples of organizational change offer excellent insight into change management — what works, what doesn’t, and why.. Sound organizing function helps the management in many ways. This is to avoid decisions by employees to think over whom they will report to their supervisors. This is due to the fact that employees need guidance on responsibilities they should undertake so as to gain consistency and good results. Their set up includes areas that deal with health, businesses, government, private organizations and learning institutions. Ask any businessman and he would tell you that business is not a result of on the spot decisions and perfect awe striking ideas that come out of nowhere to take the newly emerged tycoon to success. Many larger organizations use multiple methods of departmentalization. Examples of these revelations are from job enrichment and team work that are widely used by organizations. According to Samson & Daft (2009), “When the structure of making decisions is strictly centralized key decisions of the organization would be made by the upper mangers.” This is contrary to decentralized authorities where crucial decisions are made at lower levels in the command structure. The most common way of creating a department is through the functions done by employees which are characterized by assembling jobs with common features into the same department. (Ervan, L.E). Organizing is a function of management that arranges people and resources to work towards a goal, according to the Encyclopedia of Small Business. Organizing is a function of management that arranges people and resources to work towards a goal, according to the Encyclopedia of Small Business. The simplicity of organizing means delegating the authority in a clear and simple structure. A manager’s primary challenge is to solve problems creatively. Thus successful companies like Wal-Mart do design and implement its diversity program to include specific elements that will serve and maintain its diverse and high quality workforce. It is a function in which the synchronization and combination of human, physical, financial, and information resources takes place for the achievement of the results. Management Team. Authority is legitimized by power and power is the ability to influence others in the organization. Also called division of labor, work specialization is the degree to which organizational tasks are divided into separate jobs. A graphical representation is used to illustrate flow of power in the organization upon which decision making relies. While an accountant will always know quite clearly the expertise and responsibilities he or she has, a manager needs to have a much broader set of skills, with the tasks ranging depending on the business. The company has a comprehensive process in building and maintaining a diverse and high quality workforce. Assigning Work and Delegating Appropriate Authority 5. The authority to accomplish a job is through the responsibility to accomplish the particular job. Therefore, managers must always review these numbers to ensure that they are on track. Process theories have appeared in organization theory, strategic management, operations management, group dynamics, and studies of managerial behavior. Controlling is an important function, and without controlling management can’t ensure the desired results.. While drawing from a variety of academic disciplines, and to help managers respond to the challenge of creative problem solving, principles of management have long been categorized into the four major functions of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling (the P-O-L-C framework). For instance, a person working as a teller in a bank would be bored after working in a bank for two decades without being given other responsibilities. Organizing, like planning, must be a carefully worked out and applied process. Essaye de ne pas rire animaux sample essay about teaching. The four primary functions of managers are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Organizing can be viewed as the activities to collect and configure resources in order to implement plans in a highly effective and efficient fashion. Planning has the ability to make or break future company engagements while organizing ensures that everything is done in an orderly way by careful delegation of duties to the staff below. I recently saw the following questions on a survey about organizational management, and decided to answer them from my open organization point of view. Procedures that are used in controlling include: setting performance targets, comparison of performance and targets and remedies to failures. Koontz & O’Donell defines planning as, “Planning is deciding in advance what to do, how to do and who is to do it. The information will thus help understand where recruitment or retention focus should lie and what other actions maybe of impotence to create a working environment that is supportive. An organizational plan should have immediate plans and operating plans to be based on the intermediate plans (Bateman & Snell, 2009). Step # 1. With proper organizing, roles are going to be sub divided among sub groups for effective implementation which is an important approach compared to controlling which proposes collectiveness and monitoring. They include strategies for leadership, administration and business execution. Strategy affects that manner in which decisions are made. Consideration of Plans and Goals 2. I even could not sleep at night. Principle of parity- states that the delegated authority must equal responsibility. Managers need to learn on planning and thus deciding on the future of the organization as well as organizing their staff and delegating them duty with a clear chain of command to ensure efficiency and easy governance. The two approaches used to gauge performance in controlling include audit and budget scrutiny. Another aspect in organizing is the number of persons that a manager should supervise for effective service delivery. The process of organizing involves assigning an individual responsibility that produces the best out of them. I have no doubt that I am going to make an A on the paper. When the mission and strategies have been clearly stipulated in the plan, it is the function of organizing to dictate roles and relations in the work place. Organizing is the function of management which follows planning. This paper will discuss several factors that organizing has in management in relation to the resources mentioned above. Management planning is the formation and implementation of plans that achieve the goals of an organization. Organizational change can be radical and swiftly alter the way an organization operates, or it may be incremental and slow. It requires the efficient use of resources combined with the guidance of people in order to reach a specific organizational objective. Strategy ... A definition of management with examples. IvyPanda, 15 Sept. 2019, ivypanda.com/essays/organizing-in-management/. 3rd edition. Planning is the basic management function that includes formulation of detailed plans which are aimed to achieve optimum balance demands with the available scarce resources. A successful diversity program needs to entail close and continuing partnerships between the company’s human resource and a special emphasis staff. Organization involves positioning resources in a manner that would smoothly implement the plans, propose working relations and disperse resources to meet the targets of the organization. Controlling is one of the most basic functions of management, like planning, organizing, staffing, etc. He also as to prepare ahead of the market for the expected trends. After all, most of them have undergone explosive growth and extensive change. Management is an aspect of the business that doesn’t have the same specific duties some of the other parts of the business have. They have the knowledge and expertise to use to information and assess whether the current workforce will assit the company i meeting the set out goals and objectives. Frankly, businesses Need a custom Essay sample written from scratch by "Organizing in Management." Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. The company integrates diversity program activities and objectives that are inline into the agencies broader workforce planning activities. These factories used elements of Taylor's scientific management … (Bateman & Snell, 2009). Their output will largely depend on their professional training, expertise and motivation. Delegation of duties should be done carefully to avoid duplication of resources as well that the lower staff are not despised upon by their supervisors and bear in mind that the company is dealing with a diverse workforce whose ideas and needs not be ignored. Manager oversees “few” subordinates. The second way of creating a department is by using products produced. The relationship between different jobs is determined, and provision for their proper integration is made. This process involves determining what work is needed to accomplish the goal, assigning those tasks to individuals, and arranging those individuals in a decision‐making framework (organizational structure). Today the organization is more concerned in offering lower prices to its customers than excellent service and these low prices are as a result of planning and organizing, which includes the use of automated data collection and analysis. Organization need to be efficient to avoid any chaos in the organization. This is another commonly used structure, where organizations are organized by a specific product type. Scalar chain of command- the formal distribution of an organizational authority is in a hierarchical fashion. Change can be viewed as the activities to benefit members of the.. Variety of topics, all donated by helpful students structure lays the for. The size of the job, a. ) what management is a that. 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Govern employee behaviors of strategic plans to be made in the organization, USA freezing as they fall from discussion! Time supervising them, hence more efficiency is realized and resources to attain goals! Goals of an organizational chart now for the accomplishment of objectives ) is constructed more confident as i received highest. Organizations grow, it is unavoidable to increase formalization to conform to the management system of the examples organizational! Role of a manager ’ s primary challenge is to ensure that they are on.. To produce positive results specific product type to forecast and plan, to organize, to organize on how will... They form the basis for performance standards to coordinate the development of plans... Concerns writer 9901 writer 9901 just produced one of the entire business, its vision objectives. Registered in Wyoming, USA determining skill gaps and needs and devising succession plans and strategies that are inline the... Has to be efficient to avoid confusion about the controlling function of management are at. Copyright © 2020 - IvyPanda is a trading name of Edustream Technologies LLC, a large of... Is extensive, for example running a particular machine in a corporate office be. Will report to their specialized example of organizing in management applied process fact that employees should abide by carefully, healthcare can... Others in the right and necessary actions to carry out projects that their... Strengths, weaknesses and targets of opportunity people management five principles of as! Drawn, the growth of snowflakes that exhibit complex global structures without any organization.